Homemade KNO3 FP!! kno3/mg write &fmt=18 after the video for HQ the first one was about 1 gram... and the second was 0.1-0.2 grams.. its pretty powerful and then its homemade potassium/sodium nitrate.. i made some new after my mom stole it -.-'' this i made from sodium/potassium hydroxide and then ammonium nitrate..
Second batch of syn. FeCO3, lower quality - after washing Second batch of synthetic FeCO3, suspension in water, lower quality - after washing, rocket fuel additive - catalyst, oxidiser, reacts with KNO3 most probably, thus creating very reactive compound. You saw what it can do in the other video of the fastest burning sugar propellant ever presented on youtube ;-)
Catalytic Oxidizer The Anguil catalytic oxidizer destroys organic vapor contaminants that are discharged from a wide variety of industrial processes. During operation, toxic-laden air is drawn into the system fan and discharged into the heat exchanger. The air passes through the tube side of the heat exchanger and into the burner, where the contaminated air is raised to the oxidizing temperature. When the VOC-laden air passes through the catalyst, an exothermic reaction takes place. The contaminents in the air stream are converted to carbon dioxide and water vapor. The hot, purified air then passes on the shell side of the heat exchanger where the energy released by the reaction is used to preheat the incoming air. This minimizes the systems fuel costs; in many cases the oxidizer is self-sustaining. Finally, the contaminant-free air is exhausted into the atmosphere.
Elementary Productions: Iodine and Aluminum A mixture is made of powdered Aluminum and powdered Iodine. When a drop of water is added, the oxidising properties of water is demonstrated as the rection gets hotter. When the necessary temperature is reached (which is relatively low), the Iodine and Aluminum starts reacting, giving Aluminum Iodide. Iodine smoke can be observed as well, as Iodine is in excess.
Barium nitrate from sparklers. how to get barium nitrate from sparklers. (TOXIC) oxidiser
GSAT-5P EXPLODES MOMENTS AFTER LAUNCH - GSLV MISSION FAILS SRIHARIKOTA: Launch of India's latest communication satellite GSAT-5P onboard homegrown GSLV-F06, powered by Russian cryogenic engine, failed today when the rocket developed a snag soon after lift-off from the spaceport here. The rocket blasted-off at around 4 pm from the second launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at the end of the 29-hour countdown but was hit by a snag in the first stage itself, ISRO sources said. "The incident occurred in the first stage itself", the sources said, adding, details would be disclosed later. This is the second failure this year for ISRO after the previous GSLV mission with the country's maiden cryogenic engine hit a snag and the rocket plunged into the Bay of Bengal on April 15 this year. The GSAT-5P satellite weighing 2130 kg costed ISRO around Rs 125 crore. Had it been successful, the satellite would have served the needs of the telecommunication sector and the weather department. It would have eventually replaced the INSAT-2E satellite that was sent up in 1999. The GSLV rocket has three stages. The first stage is fired by solid fuel. The four strap on motors give additional thrust during the lift-off and the initial phase of the rocket's flight. The second stage is fired by liquid fuel. The third stage, which is more complex than the others, involves the cryogenic engine powered by liquid hydrogen as fuel and liquid oxygen as oxidiser. The GSLV rocket was 51 metres tall and weighed 418 tonnes. ISRO has the following ...
Gryphon Spaceplane: Flight Operations Animation @ 100 Years of Flight Andrews Space featured Gryphon Aerospaceplane in marking 100 years of powered flight and focussing on the promise of the future. Winged orbital launch vehicle. Winged, horizontal-takeoff/horizontal landing concept space booster concept using an Air Collection and Enrichment System to generate liquid oxygen oxidiser from the atmosphere after takeoff. An upper rocket stage would deliver a crewed orbiter or payload to orbit. Andrews Space, Inc., of Seattle, Washington, developed an In-flight Propellant Collection System, the "Alchemist" Air Collection and Enrichment System (ACES), which generated liquid oxygen (LOX) through the separation of atmospheric air. ACES took high-pressure air from turbofan jet engines flying at subsonic speeds and liquefied it by passing the air through a series of heat exchangers cooled by liquid nitrogen, liquid hydrogen, or both. Then, using a fractional distillation process, liquid oxygen was separated into its constituent parts and stored in propellant tanks for use by liquid hydrogen and LOX rocket engines. Alchemist ACES allowd horizontal take-off and landing launch vehicles to leave the ground without oxidizer, dramatically reducing their takeoff weight, increasing payload capability, or both. The company proposed Alchemist ACES in conjunction with its two-stage-to-orbit RLV design, known as Gryphon, as well as for use in other horizontal take-off launch vehicles. Andrews Space carried out initial studies of the Alchemist ACES technology ...
smoke paper vs smoke cloth i did a test to see which worked better out of smoke paper and smoke cloth
Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer Operation This animation demonstrates how air flows and heat is transfered in a two chamber Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) to achieve industrial air pollution destruction. Volatile Organic Compounds and Hazardous Air Pollutants enter the oxidizer through an inlet manifold to flow control, poppet valves that direct this gas into energy recovery chambers where it is preheated. The process gas and contaminants are progressively heated in the ceramic media beds as they move toward the combustion chamber. Once oxidized in the combustion chamber, the hot purified air releases thermal energy as it passes through the media bed in the outlet flow direction. The outlet bed is heated and the gas is cooled so that the outlet gas temperature is only slightly higher than the process inlet temperature. Poppet valves alternate the airflow direction into the media beds to maximize energy recovery within the oxidizer. The high energy recovery within these oxidizers reduces the auxiliary fuel requirement and saves operating cost. The Anguil oxidizer achieves high destruction efficiency and self-sustaining operation with no auxiliary fuel usage at low concentrations.
Cobalt catalysed oxidation of tartrate by H2O2 When a solution of sodium tartrate is added to dilute hydrogen peroxide nothing seems to happen. When a small amount of cobalt chloride solution is added a vigorous reaction occurs. ***ysis shows the gas contains a lot of CO2, indicating that besides H2O2 decomposition a lot of tartrate is oxidised . Probably the cobalt catalyses this by forming peroxo and superoxo complexes.
Manganese Heptoxide Warning this is dangerous For this experiment you will need: Potassium permanganate Sulphuric acid (90% conc or higher) And any fuel you want, I used butan 1- ol, aluminium, sulphur and carbon. Other good ones might be ethanol, glycerine, most metal powders, methane gas..ect I will be getting a better camera soon so dont worry about the poor quality.
H3 This is an explosive composition called H3. It consists of a 70:30 ratio of potassium chlorate:charcoal. It's a bit faster burning than gunpowder. It can apparently be used in propellants, but KClO3 would be a tad unstable to leave mixed with something for a while, especially if the area is moist. You can mix sulphur with this for CBX, which is blackpowder but with KClO3 as the oxidiser. This is a bad idea, however, because chlorates and sulphur are a dangerous mix.. H3 is better in this aspect. Enjoy the video, I've never seen much on this.
KMnO4 + Mg 7.6 g 7,6 grammes of flashpowder. A mix of potassium permanganate (64%) and magnesium in powder form (36%).
Russian Super Weapons Hypersonic Aircraft Igla / Armas espaciales Rusas (hablado en español) Russian scramjet / ramjet next gen stealth hypersonic cruise / anti-ship missiles. A scramjet superweapon (supersonic combustion ramjet) is a variation of a ramjet distinguished by supersonic combustion. At higher speeds, it is necessary to combust supersonically to maximize the efficiency of the combustion process. Projections for the top speed of a scramjet engine (without additional oxidiser input) vary between Mach 12 and Mach 24 (orbital velocity). First working scramjet "GLL Holod" in world flies on 28 November 1991 reaching speed mach 5.8. However, the collapse of Soviet Union stopped the funding of the project. After NASA's NASP program was cut, American scientists began to look at adopting available Russian technology as a less expensive alternative to developing hypersonic flight. On November 17, 1992, Russian scientists with some additional French support successfully launched a scramjet engine "Holod" in Kazakhstan6. From 1994 to 1998 NASA worked with the Russian Central Institute of Aviation Motors (CIAM) to test a dual-mode scramjet engine and transfer technology and experience to the West. Four tests took place, reaching Mach numbers of 5.5, 5.35, 5.8, and 6.5. The final test took place aboard a modified SA-5 surface to air missile launched from the Sary Shagan test range in the Republic of Kazakhstan on 12 February 1998. According to CIAM telemetry data, first ignition of the scramjet was unsuccessful, but after 10 seconds the engine was ...
Faulty Thermal Oxidiser
Manganese heptoxide, a very strong oxidiser When concentrated sulfuric acid is added to solid potassium permanganate, Mn2O7 (Manganese heptoxide) is formed. Mn2O7 is a green volatile oil, wich is an extremely strong oxidiser and almost any organic material will ignite on contact. Here this is demonstrated with a glass rod, wetted with ethanol. WARNING: manganese heptoxide is very hazardous and should only be prepared in very small qunatities.
Direct-Fired Thermal Oxidizer and Scrubber Sometimes referred to as an After-Burner or Flare, the direct fired thermal oxidizer uses a specially designed burner to raise the temperature of a pollutant laden air stream to a predetermined combustion temperature. In operation, the contaminated process exhaust is ducted into a burner chamber. Heat applied by the burner oxidizes the Volatile Organic Compounds and Hazardus Air Pollutants. A gas scrubber may be need downstream to handle the inorganic compounds and acids.
Copper(II) oxide and aluminium thermite reaction Thermite reaction between CuO and Al. The reaction is verry violent with a short "poof" The red cloud consist out of fine particals of copper. Reaction: 3 CuO + 2 Al --- Al2O3 + 3 Cu Copper(II) oxide is the oxidiser, and the aluminium is the reducing agent. Thermite reactions are a good example of redox chemistry. Warning: thermite mixtures are dangerous, they burn at extremely high tempertures. CuO and Al are both toxic compounds...
Recuperative Oxidizer The Anguil Recuperative Oxidizer destroys toxic Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) that are discharged in many industrial process exhausts. The Oxidizer achieves destruction of the organics by the process of combustion. All hydrocarbons are oxidized to carbon dioxide and water vapor, due to the proper mix of temperature, residence time and turbulence within the reactor chamber. During operation, VOC-laden air is drawn into the system fan and is discharged into the system's heat exchanger. The air is preheated through the tube side of the heat exchanger and then passes the burner, where the contaminated air is raised to the thermal oxidation temperature (1200-1800ºF or 650-1000ºC). When the VOC-laden air is raised to the thermal oxidation temperature for the specified residence time (0.5 - 2.0 seconds), an exothermic reaction takes place. The VOCs in the air stream are converted to carbon dioxide and water vapor. The hot, purified air then passes on the shell side of the heat exchanger where the energy released by the reaction is used to preheat the incoming air. The heat exchanger minimizes the system's fuel consumption with the system being self-sustaining at moderate LEL levels. Finally, the contaminant-free air is exhausted into the atmosphere.
1000 MPH Car - BLOODHOUND The first full test firing of the rocket that will power a British car to over 1000mph (1610km/h) will take place in the coming months. Producing 122kN (27000lbf) of thrust, the hybrid Falcon motor will be the largest rocket to be ignited in the UK for 20 years. It will not be the only power unit in the Bloodhound vehicle when it tries to break the land speed record next year. There will also be a jet from a fighter plane and the engine from an F1 car. The team behind the project believes this trio of power units could secure the absolute land speed record for Britain for many years to come. "We are creating the ultimate car; we're going where no-one has gone before," said Richard Noble, the Bloodhound project director. Several locations are being considered for the rocket test. They include places with historic connections to the land speed record - places such as Pendine in West Wales where several records were set in the 1920s, and at Shoeburyness in eastern England where the engines for the current record holder, the Thrust SSC vehicle, were tested. Both these locations have military evaluation centres. Continue reading the main story " Start Quote To the best of my knowledge there isn't a piston engine operating anywhere that's in a vehicle that's running at supersonic speed" End Quote Tim Routsis Cosworth CEO Bloodhound's 45cm-wide, 3.6m-long (18in by 12ft) rocket will be British designed and built. It will burn a mixture of solid propellant (HTPB, or hydroxyl ...
RTO Poppet Valve Mechanics Poppet Valves are used in Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers (RTO) to direct pollutant laden air streams into the emission control device. Poppet valves alternate the airflow direction into the media beds to maximize energy recovery within the oxidizer.
SIlver star test Higher oxidiser version of Ian Woodhams 'Kamuro' Composition
First firing of MkII Scaerotech hybrid motor First firing of my Scaerotech hybrid with the new bottle piercing screw. Even with the new screw some oxidiser escaped from the cannister before sealing ready for ignition.
Successful rcandy PVC rocket launch Successful launch of 25 (OD) PVC rocket using an end-burn config. Rcandy is 12cm x 21mm using a 3cm long Bentonite (Kitty Litter) nozzle with 6.5mm throat and 10mm exit, Grain epoxy'd inside PVC and top plugged with 5mm epoxy. The paper nose-cone appears to destabilise take-off before it falls off and the rocket soars into the clouds. Rcandy is more oxidiser-rich than J Yawn's formula. There is a 2cm core to aid take-off - not sure if this is necessary. Work-in-progress !
Manganese Heptoxide Manganese Heptoxide an extremely strong oxidiser that will ignite most organic materials on contact . The video shows the liquid igniting drops of aftershave and paperballs which give a small popping sound.
"GOTHIKA - Revenge to Moscow" [29.03.2011] Special video from GOTHIKA`s gig in Moscow. On this video: 1) Beyond God And Evil 2) Abattoir 3) Oxidiser 4) Disabled 5) Brocken
Good riddance My Last... Swan? - Homage de Robert Browning - Boy forced to endure poem - which he hates - for entire year. Boy festers an animosity towards poem. Boy eventually obtains result for english (A) and has no use for poem. Boy employs extensive origami skill and turns poem into swan (for sheer comedic value). Boy enters manhood by harnessing the power of Chemistry with rather risky Oxidising agents and subsequently obliterates swan to confetti. Poem: "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning Song: "Porcelain" by Moby ~6g Dextrin granulated H3 in deoderant 'bearing' w Chlorate/Dextrin fuse.
watergel plastic explosive 1 GRAM this was a small mouldable platic explosive. detonated by a quarter gram blasting cap of hmtd. this was composed of oxidiser, fuels and binding agent with a small ammount of H202. THE SMALL AMMOUNT IS TAKEN FROM A 1 KILO BATCH OF THIS PLASTIC EXPLOSIVE guar gum is not used however there was a suitable binder in the explosive to contain microbubbles , which make this explosive work. THE VIDEO WILL BE HERE SOON AND YOU WILL SEE THE POWER OF THIS STUFF!! thanks to vvideoupl for the help with this ,check out his channel its great :-) I NAME THIS STUFF" PNMFO"
Scramjet Test! @ NASA Langley Research Center www.nasa.gov A scramjet (supersonic combustion ramjet) is a variation of a ramjet distinguished by supersonic combustion. At higher speeds, it is necessary to combust supersonically to maximize the efficiency of the combustion process. Projections for the top speed of a scramjet engine (without additional oxidiser input) vary between Mach 12 and Mach 24 (orbital velocity). The X-30 research gave Mach 17 due to combustion rate issues. By way of contrast, the fastest conventional air-breathing, manned vehicles, such as the US Air Force SR-71, achieve approximately Mach 3.4 and rockets from the Apollo Program achieved Mach 30+. Like a ramjet, a scramjet essentially consists of a constricted tube through which inlet air is compressed by the high speed of the vehicle, a combustion chamber where fuel is combusted, and a nozzle through which the exhaust jet leaves at higher speed than the inlet air. Also like a ramjet, there are few or no moving parts. In particular, there is no high-speed turbine, as in a turbofan or turbojet engine, that is expensive to produce and can be a major point of failure. A scramjet requires supersonic airflow through the engine, thus, similar to a ramjet, scramjets have a minimum functional speed, about Mach 7-8. Thus scramjets require acceleration to hypersonic speed via other means. A hybrid ramjet/scramjet would have a lower minimum functional Mach number, and some sources indicate the NASA X-43A research vehicle is ...
K2S2O8 + Mg A flashpowder mix of potassium persulfat (70 %) and magnesium in powder form (30 %).
350 ton crane A 350 tone crane lifting in a section of a thermal oxidiser.
UK rocket test for 1000mph car .wmv The first full test firing of the rocket that will power a British car to over 1000mph (1600km/h) will take place in the coming months. Producing 122kN (27000lb) of thrust, the hybrid Falcon motor will be the largest rocket to be ignited in the UK for 20 years. It will not be the only power unit in the Bloodhound vehicle when it tries to break the land speed record next year. There will also be a jet from a fighter plane and the engine from an F1 car. The team behind the project believes this trio of power units could secure the absolute land speed record for Britain for many years to come. "We are creating the ultimate car; we're going where no-one has gone before," said Richard Noble, the Bloodhound project director. Several locations are being considered for the rocket test. They include places with historic connections to the land speed record - places such as Pendine in West Wales where several records were set in the 1920s, and at Shoeburyness in eastern England where the engines for the current record holder, the Thrust SSC vehicle, were tested. Both these locations have military evaluation Bloodhound's 45cm-wide, 3.6m-long (18in by 12ft) rocket will be British designed and built. It will burn a mixture of solid propellant (HTPB, or hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene) and liquid oxidiser (high-test peroxide, HTP) for 20 seconds. To put its peak thrust of 122kN in context, it is equivalent to the combined power of about 645 family saloon cars. Added to the 90kN of ...
Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) View This video shows what a completely assembled Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer (RTO) looks like. The Anguil RTO destroys Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs), Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and odorous emissions that are often discharged from industrial processes. The RTO achieves emission destruction through the process of high temperature thermal or catalytic oxidation, converting the pollutants to carbon dioxide and water vapor while reusing the thermal energy generated to reduce operating costs.
gold in aqua regia I was refining dental gold fillings here, consisting of 75% gold. Not a really spectacular video, but nice to see the king of metals, gold going into solution in aqua regia. People who don't know anything about chemistry would go crazy when seeing their precious metal 'dissappear' :P ! Aqua regia is a 3:1 mixture of concentrated hydrochloric acid and nitric acid respectively, and it fumes and gives of chlorine and nitrogen oxides constantly, therefore it should never be stored. Both of these acids can't do it on their own. Nitric acid acts as the oxidiser, and as soon as Au(III) forms, it is stabilised by the chloride-ions, as the AuCl4(-) ion. Nitric acid also reacts with chloride in such and acidic environment, forming chlorine, NO2 and NOCl, These can act as the oxidiser as well. Be careful, the gasses and fumes (HCl/HNO3) produced from aqua regia itself and durin dissolution are highly toxic. Perform in a very well ventilated area, like outside or in a fume hood.
FuelFlowModule Functional test of the fuel/oxidiser control module (using water so that I didn't ruin my garden with hydrocarbons). Test includes fail-safe isolation valves and continuously variable delivery valves. Make sure that you've been to the loo before watching.
Reaction Of Wire Wool With Pure Oxygen The iron in wire wool burns violently in pure oxygen
Organic synthesis: oxidation of methyl benzene, benzoïc acid. Organic synthesis: benzoïc acid by partial oxidation from methyl benzene. Classic example of an organic redox reaction. The used oxidiser here is potassium permanganate, dichromates or other permanganates might give the same yields. Benzoïc acid or its salts are cheaply and easily available, so do not think that this is a way to produce them in a large scale at home or at the lab. The synthesis route is inefficiënt and gives low yields. Tolluene is flamable but allso harmfull and carcinogen at long term exposal. Potassium permanganate is harmfull, strong oxidizer, and bad for the aquatic envoirement. Waste disposal: organic, non halogenated waste.
Bristol Spaceplanes Hydrogen Peroxide Demonstrator Rocket Test This video is of a test firing of Bristol Spaceplanes' HPD (Hydrogen Peroxide Demonstrator). BSP believes hydrogen peroxide is the best oxidiser for the rocket engines of first-generation spaceplanes such as Ascender. The test, shown in the video, was deemed entirely successful by Bristol Spaceplanes. The engine is based on Britain's heritage technology and the production version uses hydrogen peroxide and kerosene as the propellants. The test engine shown here is a development version that uses hydrogen peroxide only. The exhaust products are steam and oxygen, which is why there is no flame. A nose cone and fin will be added before the HPD rocket will be launched. Credits: Bristol Spaceplanes Ltd.
Screaming Jelly Babies When a sugary jelly baby is added to molten potassium chlorate (a strong oxidiser) the jelly baby bursts into flame and can be heard screaming as it writhes in the intense heat. Sometimes, the heat is too much for even the equipment.
Digital Spin Promo Video April Digital Spin returns to the Custard Bar in Loughborough on Friday 1st April 2011 for a night of live music, visuals, art and general revelry! Be prepared for an eclectic mix of music and an assault on the senses, with DJs, live percussion, musical and visual performances, PLUS an exhibition of contemporary art, available to view and purchase, from local upcoming artists. Entry is FREE but donations welcome, in aid of the Red Cross Japan Tsunami Appeal. Full line up: DIGITAL DAMAGE (Sinners South Africa) - DJ SET In a short space of time, Digital Damage have risen to fame on the house scene in a whirlwind of UK and international bookings, which began with residencies at Long Bar and Superfly in Leicester, and quickly grew into major gigs at Pacha London, White Rooms in Stockholm and more recently a 7 week tour of South Africa. With a European tour to come in 2011 and productions in the pipeline too, the future looks promising for the Digital Damage boys. CLAIRE SPOONER (Pacha) - DJ SET Digital Spin founder and one of the UK's most in-demand female DJs, Claire will be warming things up on the night with some deep soulful house beats, accompanied by a live percussionist. ELLSIE WINTER - ACOUSTIC SET Acoustic Folk Duo Ellsie Winter have already begun making waves on the local music scene with their quirky songs and unique performance style. For their debut performance at Digital Spin, they will be bringing a mixture of original songs and covers with ...