8. Nine***th-Century Medicine: The Paris School of Medicine Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600 (HIST 234) In the decades immediately following the French Revolution, Paris was at the center of a series of major developments in medical science, sometimes described as the transition from medieval to modern medicine. Although the innovations associated with the Paris School were in large part products of the ideological and institutional transformations brought on by the Revolution, they belong to a long list of challenges to the Galenic orthodoxy of "library medicine." Successive scientists and physicians had questioned the exclusive commitment of medicine to interpreting ancient texts; in the hospitals of Paris, a new medical epistemology, focused on empirical observation and the diagnosis of specific diseases, was put into practice. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Paris School of Medicine 03:48 - Chapter 2. Limitations of Humoralism and Galenism 14:47 - Chapter 3. Hospital Medicine 18:12 - Chapter 4. Institutional Foundations 21:58 - Chapter 5. Philosophical Foundations 30:24 - Chapter 6. Influences of the French Revolution 34:37 - Chapter 7. "Peu lire et beaucoup voir": Observation-Based Medicine 46:23 - Chapter 8. Effects of the Paris School Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: open.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Gold Rush! Dr. Denese Cell Renew Rx Gold Recharging Serum Renamed this video in honor of my brilliant friend Cathy! The earliest records of the use of gold for medicinal and healing purposes come from Alexandria, Egypt. Over 5000 years ago, the Egyptians ingested gold for mental, bodily and spiritual purification. The ancients believed that gold in the body worked by stimulating the life force and raising the level of vibration on all levels. The Alchemists of Alexandria developed an "elixir" made of liquid gold. They believed that gold was a mystical metal that represented the perfection of matter, and that its presence in the body would enliven, rejuvenate, and cure a multitude of diseases as well as restore youth and perfect health. As many as 4500 years ago, the Egyptians used gold in dentistry. Remarkable examples of its early use have been found by modern archaeologists. Still in favor today as an ideal material for dental work, approximately 13 tons of gold are used each year for crowns, bridges, inlays and dentures. Gold is ideal for these purposes because it is non-toxic, can be shaped easily, and never wears, corrodes or tarnishes. In medieval Europe, gold-coated pills and "gold waters" were extremely popular. Alchemists mixed powdered gold into drinks to "comfort sore limbs," which is one of the earliest references to arthritis. During the Renaissance, Paracelsus (1493-1541) - who is considered the founder of modern pharmacology - developed many successful medicines from metallic minerals including ...
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