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carbonaceous

Examples

  • Carbonaceous (C) chondrites are some of the most complex of all meteorites. Carbonaceous chondrites are the only meteorites known with petrologic grades 1 and 2. — “carbonaceous chondrites”,
  • Carbonaceous Aerosol (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library) by András Gelencsér (Paperback - Nov. 30, 2010) ISO 12986-2:2005, Carbonaceous materials used in the production of aluminium - Prebaked anodes and cathode blocks - Part 2: Determination of flexural strength by the. — “: Carbonaceous”,
  • carbonaceous (comparative more carbonaceous, superlative most carbonaceous) carbonaceous chondrite [edit] Translations. Translations. Irish:. — “carbonaceous - Wiktionary”,
  • Carbonaceous is the defining attribute of a substance rich in carbon. Metamorphism of the carbonaceous material is expressed in the graphitisation process. — “Carbonaceous - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,
  • If this domain has URL forwarding and it isn't working then this can be updated now on Please log in and go to Manage Domains -> URL Forwards Then choose the "Modify Existing. — “”,
  • Definition of carbonaceous from Webster's New World College Dictionary. Meaning of carbonaceous. Pronunciation of carbonaceous. Definition of the word carbonaceous. Origin of the word carbonaceous. — “carbonaceous - Definition of carbonaceous at ”,
  • This paper explores the impacts of carbonaceous aerosol on cloud condensation nu study where carbonaceous aerosol was assumed to be completely insoluble, concen. — “Contribution of carbonaceous aerosol to CCN”, atmos-chem-phys-
  • We found 23 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word carbonaceous: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "carbonaceous" is defined. General (22 matching dictionaries) carbonaceous: Compact Oxford English Dictionary [home, info]. — “Definitions of carbonaceous - OneLook Dictionary Search”,
  • carbonaceous chondrite ( ′kärbə′nāshəs ′kän′drīt ) ( geology ) A chondritic meteorite that contains a relatively large amount of carbon and has a. — “Carbonaceous chondrite: Definition from ”,
  • Definition of word from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and word games. All Words Near: carbonaceous. — “Carbonaceous - Definition and More from the Free Merriam”, merriam-
  • Your source for top quality meteorites for sale at reasonable prices. We carry a wide selection of meteorites. Carbonaceous chondrites provide a great deal of information about the origin of the Sun, planets and even of life itself. — “Carbonaceous Chondrites”,
  • Carbonaceous Chondrites. Carbonaceous chondrites or C chondrites represent some of the most pristine matter known, and their chemical compositions match the chemistry of However, there are different clans and groups of carbonaceous chondrites that formed on different parent bodies in different. — “Meteorite.fr - Classification - Stony Meteorites”, meteorite.fr
  • Carbonaceous chondrites are a rare kind of meteorite that contain organic compounds such as amino acids and kerogin, an organic matter often found in coal and shale. Carbonaceous chondrites represent some of the most primitive of all meteorites, with solar major element composition (Fe, Si, Mg, Ca, Al). — “CO3, CR, CM, CV, CK, CI, CH, carbonaceous chondrites”,
  • Carbonaceous chondrites for sale Carbonaceous chondrites or C chondrites represent some of the most pristine matter known, and their chemical compositions match the chemistry of the Sun more closely than any other class of chondrites. — “Carbonaceous Chondrites For Sale”, meteorites.tv
  • View big list of Carbonaceous Chondrites. You are on C-Chondrites Page. What are Carbonaceous Chondrites? This is a rather rare but for science and education very important substance in meteoritics, since represents the most primitive material available on our planet. — “Carbonaceous Chondrites, C-Chondrite”, mars.li
  • Carbonaceous Music, Lyrics, Songs, and Videos by Carbonaceous at ReverbNation We are Carbonaceous from Leicestershire, we are currently a three piece band recording covers for now. — “Carbonaceous | Leicester, UK | Rock / Progressive Rock”,
  • Find dictionary definitions, audio pronunciations, and spellings for carbonaceous in the free online American Heritage Dictionary on Yahoo! Education. — “carbonaceous - Dictionary definition and pronunciation”,
  • Definition of carbonaceous in the Online Dictionary. Meaning of carbonaceous. Pronunciation of carbonaceous. Translations of carbonaceous. carbonaceous synonyms, carbonaceous antonyms. Information about carbonaceous in the free online English. — “carbonaceous - definition of carbonaceous by the Free Online”,
  • lustrous, carbon, careers,carbon, carbonaceous additive, refractory coatings, foundry coatings, inoculants, ferro silicon, graphite, carburizer, bentonite, foundry consumables, foundry, foundry refractory washes, barium, strontium, zirconium. — “”,
  • A method for improving the efficiency, enhancing the heat output, and reducing the harmful emissions of a solid carbonaceous fuel combustion system by introducing a hydrogen-rich gas into a solid carb. — “METHOD TO ENHANCE AND IMPROVE SOLID CARBONACEOUS FUEL”,
  • Enables the low-cost production of ethanol from a wide variety of input material including biomass, municipal solid waste, and other carbonaceous material. — “Coskata”,
  • Although fewer than 100 carbonaceous chondrites are known, accounting for only about 5% of chondrite falls, they provide a great deal of information about the origin of the Sun and planets, and even of life itself (see organic matter, in meteorites). — “carbonaceous chondrite”,

Images

  • atmosphere Most meteorites which land on our planet are believed to have originated within the Asteroid Belt Click image to enlarge © iStockphoto duuuna
  • Boscombe Sands Bracklesham Group Middle Eocene Palaeogene
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  • piece from the gorgeous CV3 NWA 2364 NWA 2364 is full of large multi colored chondrules and superb CAIs This specimen would make a fantastic addition to any Museum or type collection
  • Allende Meteorite Carbonaceous Chondrite CVIII
  • Bencubbin CB JPG
  • Map of Carbonaceous BOD
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  • could be enough to start the carbon cycle going However the high CO2 of the Archaean atmosphere suggests a substantial proportion of carbonaceous chondrites in late arrivals REE diagram for carbonaceous chondrites Of 970 partly ***ysed samples 230 include some REE but mainly only for La Sm Eu Yb and Lu By interpolating Pm and any other missing element for
  • To See other wonderful meteorites fossils and rare collectibles check out the links below
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  • specimen has the added bonus of a huge clast which appears to be xenolithic see photos This is an awesome specimen and would make a great addition to any collection Price ONLY $299 95
  • Carbonaceous Biological Oxygen Demand 5
  • Mighei CM JPG
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  • diamond GIF
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  • To See other wonderful meteorites fossils and rare collectibles check out the links below
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  • To See other wonderful meteorites fossils and rare collectibles check out the links below
  • Background Image Credit A carbonaceous chondrite classification CO3 with visible chondrules Specifically this is a polished surface of a fragment of the Dar Al Gani meteorite Any visit
  • Carbonaceous Biological Oxygen Demand 5
  • Price ONLY $1995 00
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  • CAIs This is a gorgous specimen full of beautiful multi colored chondrules of all sizes This is an lovely specimen and would make a great addition to any collection Price ONLY $499 95
  • bulk img mb100001 d64a876aef846a95748339e8f7f9afff image0 jpg w=500 sq=Y b=Y
  • and probably unique inclusions ever found in a carbonaceous chondrite It has the potential to represent a captured moment in the history of the Solar Nebula not seen before Cross section of spherical CAI currently under study
  • May 13 2009 Posted by Yael Kovo Andrew Pohorille NASA Ames Membranous vesicles that self assemble in water from soap like molecules extracted from the Murchison carbonaceous meteorite courtesy of David Deamer Besides water only very few other
  • Map of Carbonaceous BOD
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Videos

  • LIFE FOUND IN METEORITE. ABSOLUTE PROOF IN FOSSILISED BACTEREA Fossils of Cyanobacteria in CI1 Carbonaceous Meteorites. Richard B. Hoover, Ph.D. NASA/Marshall Space Flight Centre. Synopsis: Dr. Hoover has discovered evidence of microfossils similar to Cyanobacteria, in freshly fractured slices of the interior surfaces of the Alais, Ivuna, and Orgueil CI1 carbonaceous meteorites. Based on Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and other measures, Dr. Hoover has concluded they are indigenous to these meteors and are similar to trichomic cyanobacteria and other trichomic prokaryotes such as filamentous sulfur bacteria. He concludes these fossilized bacteria are not Earthly contaminants but are the fossilized remains of living organisms which lived in the parent bodies of these meteors, eg comets, moons, and other astral bodies. Coupled with a wealth of date published elsewhere and in previous editions of the Journal of Cosmology, and as presented in the edited text, "The Biological Big Bang", the implications are that life is everywhere, and that life on Earth may have come from other planets. Members of the Scientific community were invited to ***yze the results and to write critical commentaries or to speculate about the implications. These commentaries will be published on March 7 through March 10, 2011 and can be accessed.
  • SPHENOPALATINE GANGLION (SPG) NERVE BLOC PATIENT GUIDE TO SPHENOPALATINE GANGLION (SPG,) NERVE BLOCK This is a well established procedure for the control of chronic or long standing pain and has been has been safely and successfully performed since 1909. The SPG is a concentrated collection of nerve cells adjacent to the lower brain centers. It is a relay station that can regulate the flow of nerve impulses that transmit painful or distressing stimuli. This area is readily reached at either side at the back of the nose. The treatment involves the placement of wire applicators coiled with cotton dipped into a low dose local anesthetic and placed at the back of the nose. The low dose anesthetic is similar to that used by dentists for over 50 years. The applicators are left in place for about 30 minutes allowing the anesthetic to spread a short distance numbing the S.PG. Minor side effects may include: Reflex Tear Drops Tickling Feeling From The Cotton Rarely Patients May Experience A Superficial Nose Bleed Allergy To The Anesthetic, Which Is Rare Irritation To The Nose Or Epistaxis Which Rarely Happens In The Skilled Hand. The SPG block is used for the treatment of: Difficult Migraines Cluster Headaches Chronic Painful Conditions Facial Pain Post Shingles (Herpetic) Pain Fibromyalgia Pain In The Neck & Upper Back At the beginning, multiple blocks may be required to maintain a beneficial response. The treatments are cumulative. If no significant benefit occurs after 5 or 6 treatments, no further therapy is likely ...
  • METEORITE HUNTING DRY LAKE BEDS Here are 4 days of hunting on dry lake beds compressed into 7 minutes of highlights. Come with me as I recover military equipment fighter jet parts 50 cal bullets weather balloons and of course 3 more meteorites. Actual unrehearsed raw footage leading up to discovery of nice golf ball sized individual with 70% fusion crust. All told I recovered 4 meteorites representing 3 separate falls. Make sure to see other video with the unique wing shaped meteorite.
  • Meteorite Hunters finding RARE (CK4) Carbonaceous Meteorites My Website: My Articles My Videos:
  • CPAC=Crazy People Are Coming The Crazy People Are Coming conference was held in Washington, DC, this week and the attendees heard from a non-confirmed diplomat, a non-licensed plumber, and a non-experienced paranoid pubescent partisan all fulminating with shrill clear fear that Obama and liberal politicians were not going to spend enough protecting them against extremist jihadists while spending too much protecting us against larcenous bankers, carbonaceous warming, and infectious diseases.
  • what is cesium Name Origin Latin: caesius (sky blue); its salts turn flames blue. "Caesium" in different languages. Sources Found in pollucite and as trace in lepidolite (KLi2Al(Al,Si)3O10(F,OH)2). World production is around 20 tons per year. Abundance Universe: 0.0008 ppm (by weight) Sun: 0.008 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 0.14 ppm Earth's Crust: 3 ppm Seawater: 3 x 104 ppm Human: 20 ppb by weight 1 ppb by atoms Uses Used as a 'getter' to remove air traces in vacuum tubes. Since it ionizes readily, it is used as an ion rocket motor propellant. Also used in photoelectric cells, atomic clocks, infrared lamps. Radioactive isotopes of caesium are used in the medical field to treat certain types of cancer. This metal is also used in photoelectric cells due to its ready emission of electrons. History Caesium (Latin caesius meaning "sky blue" or "light blue") was spectroscopically discovered by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in 1860 in mineral water from Durkheim, Germany. Its identification was based upon the bright blue lines in its spectrum and it was the first element discovered by spectrum ***ysis. The first caesium metal was produced in 1882 by Carl Setterberg. Historically, the most important use for caesium has been in research and development, primarily in chemical and electrical applications.
  • What Is Magnesium What Is Magnesium Name Origin From Magnesia ancient city in Asia Minor. "Magnesium" in different languages. Sources Although magnesium is found in over 60 minerals, only dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2), magnesite (MgCO3), brucite (Mg(OH)2), carnallite (KMgCl3 - 6(H2O)), talc, and olivine ((Mg,Fe)2SiO4) are of commercial importance. Usually obtained by electrolysis of melted magnesium chloride found in sea water. China produces around 60% of the world's magnesium, other important producers are Austria, Poland, Russia, the USA, India, Greece and Canada. Annual production is around 350 thousand tons. Abundance Universe: 600 ppm (by weight) Sun: 700 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 1.2 x 105 ppm Earth's Crust: 23000 ppm Seawater: 1200 ppm Human: 270000 ppb by weight 70000 ppb by atoms Uses Used in alloys to make airplanes, missiles, car engine parts, racing bikes and other things that need light metals. Also used in fireplace bricks, flashbulbs, pigments and filters. Magnesium powder is still used in the manufacture of fireworks and marine flares where a brilliant white light is required. Magnesium oxide and other compounds also are used in agricultural, chemical, and construction industries. As a metal, this element's principal use is as an alloying additive to aluminium with these aluminium-magnesium alloys being used mainly for beverage cans. Magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) powder is also used by athletes, such as gymnasts and weightlifters, to improve the grip on objects - the ...
  • ** HUGE NEWS *** - NASA Scientist alleges to have found EVIDENCE OF ALIEN LIFE !! This could be the find of the YEAR or more. Check out this article for the info, UNREAL!! We have to wait to check all the evidence and peer review it to see if it checks out, but WOW this is a big boost to the science community if it pans out! * Photo Credit: Description: Still frame grab from video footage of Peter Coffin's UFO art performance over Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Realised in collaboration with designers Cinimod Studio. Date: 23 May 2009 Source: Wikimedia Commons bit.ly Author: Dommeruk bit.ly & Dominic Harris bit.ly Permission/License Terms: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. bit.ly #
  • what is hydrogen WHAT IS HYDROGEN Name Origin Greek: hudor (water) and gennan (generate) "Hydrogen" in different languages. Sources Found chiefly combined with oxygen in the form of water, also found in mines and oil and gas wells. Stars contain a virtually unlimited supply of hydrogen and in the universe, hydrogen is the most abundant element (hydrogen makes up 75% of the mass of the visible universe and over 90% by number of atoms.). Annual world production of hydrogen is around 350 billion cubic metres. Abundance Universe: 7.5 x 105 ppm (by weight) Sun: 7.5 x 105 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 24000 ppm Earth's Crust: 1500 ppm Seawater: 107800 ppm Human: 1 x 108 ppb by weight 6.2 x 108 ppb by atoms Uses Hydrogen's uses include: being used in the production of ammonia (NH3), ethanol (C2H5OH), hydrogen chloride (HCl) and hydrogen bromide (HBr); the hydrogenation of vegetable oils; hydrocracking, hydroforming and hydrofining of petroleum; atomic-hydrogen welding; instrument-carrying balloons; fuel in rockets; and cryogenic research. Its two heavier isotopes, deuterium (D) and tritium (T), are used respectively for nuclear fission and fusion. Hydrogen fuel cells are being investigated as mobile power sources with lower emissions than hydrogen-burning internal combustion engines. The low emissions of hydrogen in internal combustion engines and fuel cells are currently offset by the pollution created by hydrogen production. This may change if the substantial amounts of electricity ...
  • Conclusive Evidence of Alien Life - Astrobiologist Richard B. Hoover of NASA NASA scientist finds evidence of alien life - Aliens exist, and we have proof. That astonishingly awesome claim comes from Dr. Richard B. Hoover, an Astrobiologist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, who says he has found conclusive evidence of alien life — fossils of bacteria found in an extremely rare class of meteorite called CI1 carbonaceous chondrites. (There are only nine such meteorites on planet Earth.) Hoover's findings were published late Friday night in the Journal of Cosmology, a peer-reviewed scientific journal. www.nasa.gov
  • Plasma-Wool Production from Municipal Solid Waste and other Carbonaceous materials. Produce "Rockwool" type material from Plasma Gasification process, called: "Plasma-wool" Plasma wool can be used for the same applications as regular "Rock" or "Mineral" wool: A super insulation; in hydroponics for growing plants; to soak up oil spills; sound proofing and other uses.
  • Cyanobacteria in Carbonaceous Meteorites I.wmv Is there life elsewhere in the cosmos besides on Earth? Is the recent announcement of cyanobacteria fossils in carbonaeous meteorites real, and if so what does that mean? Is there a possibility of life on Europa, Enceladus, or Titan? Did a comet bring evidence of this to earth, that scientists found preserved evidence of in these carbonaceous meteorites? Does this affirm the power of God in ways we barely imagined? The Old Testament can be a confusing understanding of God, and I regard it more about the paradoxical tendency and fallacy of man's will to disobey and err, than an expose of what is God. There are glimmers of God in there- but like a precious metal you have to refine it to extract the value. God doesn't kill and murder. Men do in His Name. Then they seek and want His blessing, like they did nothing wrong. God told them to kill and they did. If they didn't they disobeyed and were rejected and punished. Really? Since when does God direct men to disobey His Commandment? In fact, I believe the role of Christ is to replace impossible law and rituals of almost pagan merrymaking with the real and tangible manifestation of love for one another, and with God, all bound up in one remarkable and incredible unifying force of nature, physics, mathematics, music, and philosophy. In that concept we don't have to judge Gays or Muslims, or anyone to be wrong, and let them alone to live their lives in a peace we also desire. Peace produces friendships among diversely different ...
  • portable guitar amp board 1 test The portable guitar amp perf-board 1 is done, time to show it running. Have about 100mV input sine with about 8V sine wave DC output. Hope to work on board 2 tomorrow.
  • Aliens in Nashik
  • Carbon MEMS Technology (C-MEMS) ( ) Carbon-MEMS (C-MEMS) refers to a microfabrication technique in which photopatterned resists, heat treated (pyrolyzed) at different temperatures in different ambient gases, are used as a carbonaceous structural and functional material for micro electromechanical systems (MEMS). This new material permits an entire new variety of novel MEMS applications that employ structures having a wide variety of shapes, resistivities and mechanical properties. Moreover, carbon surfaces form better electrochemical electrodes and are easier to derivatize with organic molecules than more traditional MEMS materials such as silicon. For more reading M. Madou et al. "Carbon Micromachining (C-MEMS)", Electrochem. Soc. Proceed. 97-19, pp. 61-69, 1997. C. Wang, G. Jia, L. Taherabadi and M. Madou, A Novel Method for the Fabrication of High-Aspect Ratio C-MEMS Structures, J. of Microelectromech. Systems, vol. 14(2), pp. 348-358, 2005. Also, check out Prof, M Madou's website for more reading.
  • what is sulfur what is sulfur Name Origin Latin: sulfur (brimstone). "Sulfur" in different languages. Sources Found in pure form (near hot springs and in volcanic regions) and in ores like cinnabar (HgS), galena (PbS), alunite, barite (BaSO4), sphalerite (ZnS) and stibnite (Sb2S3). Primary producers are the USA and Spain. Around 54 million tons are produced annually. Abundance Universe: 500 ppm (by weight) Sun: 400 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 41000 ppm Earth's Crust: 420 ppm Seawater: 928 ppm Human: 2 x 106 ppb by weight 3.9 x 105 ppb by atoms Uses Used in matches, gunpowder, detergents, fireworks, batteries, fungicides, vulcanization of rubber, medicines, permanent wave lotion and pesticides. Its most important use is probably that of sulfuric acid (H2SO4). Sulfites are used to bleach paper and as a preservative in wine and dried fruit. Sodium or ammonium thiosulfate are used as photographic fixing agents. Magnesium sulfate, better known as Epsom salts, can be used as a laxative, a bath additive, an exfoliant, or a magnesium supplement for plants. Notes The distinctive colours of Jupiter's volcanic moon, Io, are from various forms of molten, solid and gaseous sulfur. Sulfur has also been found in many types of meteorite. Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S), is well known for its smell of rotten eggs!
  • CARBONACEOUS CHEMTRAILS-Killing California CHARGED FIBER ALOFT, CARBONACEOUS PLUMES, MORE SICK CALIFORNIANS, MORE TOXIC FOOD AND FRUIT, ETC, ETC, ETC
  • Shale Oil as an Energy Solution - 20080807 - Fox News The fine-grained sedimentary rock known as oil shale contains significant amounts of kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds), from which technology can extract liquid hydrocarbons. (Geologists may regard the name oil shale as a misnomer, since the rock does not necessarily consist of a shale and its kerogen differs from crude oil; it requires more processing than crude oil, which affects its economic viability as a crude-oil substitute and increases its environmental impact.[1][2]) Deposits of oil shale are located around the world, including major deposits in the United States of America. Global deposits are estimated as equivalent to 2.8 trillion to 3.3 trillion barrels (450×109 to 520×109 m3) of recoverable oil. The chemical process of pyrolysis can convert the kerogen in oil shale into synthetic crude oil. Heating oil shale to a sufficiently high temperature will drive off a vapor which processing can distill (retort) to yield a petroleum-like shale oil—a form of non-conventional oil—and combustible shale gas (the term shale gas can also refer to gas occurring naturally in shales). Industry can also burn oil shale directly as a low-grade fuel for power generation and heating purposes and can use it as a raw material in chemical and construction-materials processing. Oil shale has gained attention as an energy resource as the price of conventional sources of petroleum has risen and as a way for some areas to secure independence from ...
  • What Is Nitrogen what Is Nitrogen Name Origin Latin nitrogenium, where nitrum (from Greek nitron) means "native soda", and genes means "forming". "Nitrogen" in different languages. Sources Nitrogen can be made by liquification and then fractional distillation of the air. It is very easily done commercially. It can also be made by heating NaN3 to 300 degrees C. Around 44 million tons are produced annually. Abundance Universe: 1000 ppm (by weight) Sun: 1000 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 1400 ppm Earth's Crust: 25 ppm Seawater: Atlantic surface: 8 x 10-5 ppm Atlantic deep: 2.7 x 10-1 ppm Pacific surface: 8 x 10-5 ppm Pacific deep: 5.4 x 10-1 ppm Human: 2.6 x 107 ppb by weight 1.2 x 107 ppb by atoms Uses Nitrogen has many industrial uses in the gaseous forms, but probably the most interesting is liquid nitrogen, which is extremely cold. Items that must be frozen to extremely low temperatures for preservation are frequently stored in liquid nitrogen. Fertility clinics store sperm, eggs and embryos used to help infertile couples become pregnant in ampoules in liquid nitrogen. Since nitrogen gas is very stable, at standard temperature and pressure, it is used as the air in inert welding atmospheres. Documents, foods and chemicals are sometimes stored in nitrogen to keep them from oxidizing or reacting with air or water.
  • Asteroids Rotation The asteroid belt is the region of the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter. It is occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroids or minor planets. The asteroid belt region is also termed the main belt to distinguish it from other concentrations of minor planets within the Solar System, such as the Kuiper belt and scattered disc. More than half the mass of the main belt is contained in the four largest objects: 1 Ceres, 4 Vesta, 2 Pallas, and 10 Hygiea. All of these have mean diameters of more than 400 km, while Ceres, the main belt's only dwarf planet, is about 950 km in diameter. The remaining bodies range down to the size of a dust particle. The asteroid material is so thinly distributed that multiple unmanned spacecraft have traversed it without incident. Nonetheless, collisions between large asteroids do occur, and these can form an asteroid family whose members have similar orbital characteristics and compositions. Collisions also produce a fine dust that forms a major component of the zodiacal light. Individual asteroids within the main belt are categorized by their spectra, with most falling into three basic groups: carbonaceous (C-type), silicate (S-type), and metal-rich (M-type). The asteroid belt formed from the primordial solar nebula as a group of planetesimals, the smaller precursors of the planets. Between Mars and Jupiter, however, gravitational perturbations from the giant planet imbued the ...
  • What Is Oxygen What Is Oxygen Name Origin Greek: oxus (acid) and gennan (generate). "Oxygen" in different languages. Sources Obtained primarily from by liquification and then fractional distillation of the air. World wide production is around 100 million tons. Abundance Universe: 10000 ppm (by weight) Sun: 9000 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 4.1 x 105 ppm Atmosphere: 2.095 x 105 ppm Earth's Crust: 4.74 x 105 ppm Human: 6.1 x 108 ppb by weight 2.4 x 108 ppb by atoms Uses Used in steel making, production of methanol (CH3OH), welding, water purification, cement and rocket propulsion. It is also required for supporting life and combustion. Oxygen is a major component of air, produced by plants during photosynthesis, and is necessary for aerobic respiration in animals.
  • Nasa Scientist finds evidence of Alien Life Article from "Mar 5th 2011" 5:28pm" Special thanks to for bringing this article to my attention
  • Converting Trash into Electricity - Eliminating the Unwanted, While Creating the Needed The major thrust of EDCI Clean Energy Solutions is the conversion of waste and other carbonaceous materials into synthesis gas, liquid fuels and/or electricity. Depending upon the specific solution needed, EDCI works to establish a sound partnership that provides the right combination of cutting-edge technologies and expert project management. The advantages of using EDCI Clean Energy Solutions to convert carbonaceous materials and hydrocarbons into synthesis gas, liquid fuels and/or electricity are that: - Nothing hazardous ever goes into the ground, and practically no pollutants go into the air (emissions are well below all California EPA requirements). Through a proprietary "closed loop" system using super-low NOx burners and advanced thermal distillation technology developed by ACTi, our processes provide clean energy solutions that are more efficient and environmentally-friendly than any competitor's. - Processing of variable waste/organic streams through standard and proprietary processes (eg automated recycling of metals, autoclaving of municipal solid waste, etc.), provide for a much greater efficiency in the clean energy process, including the storage of gasification feedstock and produced fuels, as well as the concurrent gasification of multiple carbonaceous materials (eg coal, municipal solid waste, agricultural and animal waste, sewage sludge, used tires, waste plastics, medical waste, etc.) - Outputs are (1) synthesis gas, or syn-gas (CO+H2), which is either ...
  • what is silicon what is silicon Name Origin Latin silex, or silicis (meaning what were more generally termed "the flints" or "hard rocks" during the Early Modern era where nowadays we would say "silica" or "silicates") "Silicon" in different languages. Sources Silicon is the second most abundant element and comprises 25.7% of the earth's crust (oxygen is first). Makes up major portion of clay, granite, feldspar, mica, asbestos, quartz (SiO2), and sand. Primary producers are Austria, Italy, India, South Africa, Australia, Canada, the USA and Brazil. Every year around 5000 tons of electronics grade silicon is produced. Abundance Universe: 700 ppm (by weight) Sun: 900 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 1.4 x 105 ppm Earth's Crust: 2.771 x 105 ppm Seawater: Atlantic surface: 0.03 ppm Atlantic deep: 0.82 ppm Pacific surface: 0.03 ppm Pacific deep: 4.09 ppm Human: 260000 ppb by weight 58000 ppb by atoms Uses Used in glass as silicon dioxide (SiO2). It is used as a semiconductor to make microchips for electronics (like your computer). Silicon is also used in solar cells, tools, cement, LCDs, grease and oils. History Silicon (Latin silex, silicis for flint, flint's) was first identified by Antoine Lavoisier in 1787, and was later mistaken by Humphry Davy in 1800 for a compound. In 1811 Gay-Lussac and Thenard probably prepared impure amorphous silicon through the heating of potassium with silicon tetrafluoride. In 1824, Berzelius prepared amorphous silicon using approximately the same method ...
  • look-ahead-movie The Look-Ahead model for the Elongation Dynamics of Transcription (proposed by R. Yamada and C. Peskin, see first the arXiv paper q-bio/0603012 and then the 2009 Biophys. J. paper for additional details/explanation for this model)
  • What Is Neodymium Name Origin Greek: neos (new) didymos (twin). "Neodymium" in different languages. Sources Neodymium is never found in nature as the free element. It occurs in ores such as mo***te sand and bastnasite. Primary producers are the USA, Brazil, India, Sri Lanka and Australia. Around 7300 tons are produced annually. Abundance Universe: 0.01 ppm (by weight) Sun: 0.003 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 0.51 ppm Earth's Crust: 33 ppm Seawater: Atlantic surface: 1.8 x 10-6 ppm Atlantic deep: 3.2 x 10-6 ppm Pacific surface: 1.8 x 10-6 ppm Pacific deep: 4.8 x 10-6 ppm Uses Used in ceramics to colour glazes, and for special lens with praseodymium. Also to produce bright purple glass and special glass that filters infrared radiation. Neodymium is used in very powerful permanent magnets - Nd2Fe14B. These magnets are cheaper and also stronger than samarium-cobalt magnets. Neodymium magnets appear in products such as in-ear headphones and computer hard drives. History Neodymium was discovered by Baron Carl Auer von Welsbach, an Austrian chemist, in Vienna in 1885. He separated neodymium, as well as the element praseodymium, from a material known as didymium by means of fractional crystallization of the double ammonium nitrate tetrahydrates from nitric acid, while following the separation by spectroscopic ***ysis; however, it was not isolated in relatively pure form until 1925. The name neodymium is derived from the Greek words neos, new, and didymos, twin. Neodymium is frequently ...
  • Cell-based simulation of blood-vessel growth - Movie S4 Movie S4 of "Contact-inhibited chemotaxis in de novo and sprouting blood-vessel growth", Roeland MH Merks, Erica D. Perryn, Abbas Shirinifard, and James A. Glazier. See preprint at:
  • Old Coke Ovens near Los Cerrillos New Mexico Mining Coke is a solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation of low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal. The volatile constituents of the coal—including water, coal-gas, and coal-tar—are driven off by baking in an airless oven at temperatures as high as 2000 degrees Celsius. This fuses together the fixed carbon and residual ash. Most coke in modern facilities is produced in "by-product" coke ovens, and the resultant coke is used as the main fuel in iron-making blast furnaces. Today, the hydrocarbons are considered to be by-products of modern coke-making facilities (though they are usually captured and used to produce valuable products). Non by-product coke ovens, burn hydrocarbon off-gases on site to provide the heat needed to drive the carbonization process.
  • A Call For Scepticism On the 5th of March an announcement was made on the find of possible remains of alien life on a meteorite. However people are neglecting to check this thoroughly as it's far from the kind of research someone would stake their reputation on. But people are actually using this paper to cast doubt on legitimate science and organisations and are making a call for more scepticism. website: twitter Sources: Journal Of Cosmology And Alien Life On Meteorite Science News And Scepticism How BBC Warmists Abuse The Science -- A Response Fox News Exclusive: NASA Scientist Claims Evidence of Alien Life on Meteorite Fossils of Cyanobacteria in CI1 Carbonaceous Meteorites - Richard B. Hoover Microfossils of Cyanobacteria in the Orgueil Carbonaceous Meteorite by Richard B. Hoover, BSc www.batse.msfc.nasa.gov Editorial Guidelines & Review The Infinite Universe vs the Myth of the Big Bang: Red Shifts, Black Holes, Acceleration, Life. - Rhawn Joseph, Ph.D Skeptical science: meteorite aliens bring out the armchair experts Recycling research: meteorite alien life discovery dubious? Monckton Bunkum Part 1 - Global cooling and melting ice Monckton Bunkum Part 2 - Sensitivity Monckton Bunkum Part 3 - Correlations and Himalayan glaciers www ...
  • ALIEN LIFE ON METEORITES Breaking News:After finding giant bacterium Titanospirillum Velox and Cl1 Carbonaceous Chodrites on meteorite, astrobiologists from the Marchall Space center on earth agree that thiers alien life on the meteorite. Music & Video by Didier Manchione all rights reserved Moonfull publishing Socan Canada 2011, MUSICNEWS.
  • Elide Fire Extinguishing Ball Basic Features of Elide Fire Extinguishing Ball - Weight: 1.3 kg. Ball-shaped - One ball covers and contains fires within a space of 9.12m3 the operational effective radius is 1.296 meters - Useful life of 5 (five) years - Extinguishes Class A*, B* and C* fires (operational limitations apply). - 1A* fires would include blazes fueled by carbonaceous solids such as wood, cloth, paper, rubber or plastics. Just toss the ball into the vicinity of the base of the firemore than one ball may be used if required. - Small 5B* or C* conflagrations are extinguished as well, or the Ball may be installed in a location where fires may be ignited. The ball will self-activate in 3-10 seconds after flame contact, bursting and spreading a dry chemical powder automatically. When installed in adequate numbers and in appropriate locations, you can rest at ease that you are protected against accidental fires.
  • Ke$ha "We R Who We R" parody - "Astrobiology" by Jank Are we alone in the universe? Find out all about the search for extraterrestrial life in this educational parody of Ke$ha's hit song, "We R Who We R." LYRICS NOW AVAILABLE IN CAPTIONING OPTIONS! MP3 audio version available for download here: Lyrics and video by Jank: Music by mrskimful Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. Background images by NASA www.nasa.gov (JPL, Goddard SVS & more), ESA www.esa.int (STSci &more)
  • Harvesting rain - an urban rainwater system, Bangalore,India. Collecting rainwater in a sump tank. This is one way of harvesting rain. Rooftop is kept clean. A first rain separator can segregate the first 2 mm of rain or be used when the rooftop needs cleaning. A filter which is made from ferro-cement by the company APTEK removes carbonaceous material like leaves, twigs et al. Then the water is stored in an underground sump tanl to be used when required. The rule of thumb for Bangalore is 6000 litres of storage to harvest rainwater from a 100 square metre roof area. This will help harvest about 80000 litres to 100000 litres of rain every year. Bangalore has the advantage of good rain, 970 mm on average, which is also well distributed. The rainfall occurs over 60 rainy days from April to November. Take advantage, harvest rain,reduce demand, recycle grey water adn help solve Bangalore's water problem.
  • What Is Gadolinium Name Origin Named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin. "Gadolinium" in different languages. Sources Gadolinium is never found in nature in elemental form. It is obtained from many rare minerals such as bastnasite, mo***te and trace amounts in gadolinite. Primary mining deposits are located in the USA, Brazil, India, Sri Lanka, Australia and China. Annual production is around 400 tons. Abundance Universe: 0.002 ppm (by weight) Sun: 0.002 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 0.23 ppm Earth's Crust: 7.7 ppm Seawater: Atlantic surface: 5.2 x 10-7 ppm Atlantic deep: 9.3 x 10-7 ppm Pacific surface: 6 x 10-7 ppm Pacific deep: 1.5 x 10-6 ppm Uses Compounds of gadolinium are used in making phosphors for colour TV tubes and in the manufacture of compact discs and computer memory. Gallium Gadolinium Garnet (Gd3Ga5O12) is a material with good optical properties, and is used in fabrication of various optical components and as substrate material for magneto-optical films. Gadolinium is used for making gadolinium yttrium garnets, which have microwave applications. Solutions of organic gadolinium complexes are used as intravenous radiocontrast agents to enhance images in medical magnetic resonance imaging. Because of their paramagnetic properties, gadolinium compounds are used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). History In 1880, Swiss chemist Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac observed spectroscopic lines due to gadolinium in samples of didymium and gadolinite ...
  • Meteorite NWA5505 chondrite CO3 Main Mass of carbonaceous chondrite CO3
  • What Is Aluminium What Is Aluminium Name Origin Latin: alumen (alun). "Aluminium" in different languages. Sources Most plentiful metal in earth's crust (7.5% - 8.1%), but virtually never occurs in free form, so rare that it was once considered a precious metal more valuable than gold! Obtained by electrolysis from bauxite (Al2O2). Primary reserves are found in Surinam, Jamaica, Ghana, Indonesia and Russia. Annual production is around 15 million tons. Abundance Universe: 50 ppm (by weight) Sun: 60 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 9300 ppm Earth's Crust: 82000 ppm Seawater: Atlantic surface: 9.7 x 10-4 ppm Atlantic deep: 5.2 x 10-4 ppm Pacific surface: 1.3 x 10-4 ppm Pacific deep: 1.3 x 10-5 ppm Human: 900 ppb by weight 210 ppb by atoms Uses Kitchen utensils, building decorations, electrical transmission (not nearly as conductive as copper, but cheaper) as well as packaging (can, foil etc.). Aluminium alloys form vital components of aircraft and rockets as a result of their high strength to weight ratio. Alloys containing copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese and other metals are much stronger and more durable than aluminium, making aluminium useful in the manufacture of aircraft and rockets. Most electronic appliances that require cooling of their internal devices (like transistors, CPUs - semiconductors in general) have heat sinks that are made of aluminium due to its ease of manufacture and good heat conductivity. Copper heat sinks are smaller although more expensive and harder to ...
  • What Is Chlorine What Is Chlorine Name Origin Greek: khloros (green). "Chlorine" in different languages. Sources Never found in free form in nature. Salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) is its most common compound. Chlorides make up much of the salt dissolved in the Earth's oceans - about 1.9% of the mass of seawater is chloride ions. Abundance Universe: 1 ppm (by weight) Sun: 8 ppm (by weight) Carbonaceous meteorite: 380 ppm Earth's Crust: 130 ppm Seawater: 18000 ppm Human: 1.2 x 106 ppb by weight 2.1 x 105 ppb by atoms Uses Used widely in paper product production, antiseptic, dyestuffs, food, insecticides, paints, petroleum products, plastics, medicines, textiles, solvents, and many other consumer products. Chlorine is an important chemical in some processes of water purification, disinfectants and in bleaches and chlorofluorocarbons (CFC). History Chlorine was discovered in 1774 by Swedish chemist Karl Wilhelm Scheele, who called it dephlogisticated muriatic acid and mistakenly thought it contained oxygen. Chlorine was given its current name in 1810 by Sir Humphry Davy, who insisted that it was in fact an element. Chlorine gas, also known as bertholite, was first used as a weapon in World War I by Germany on April 22, 1915 in the Second Battle of Ypres. As described by the soldiers it had a distinctive smell of a mixture between pepper and pineapple. It also tasted metallic and stung the back of the throat and chest. It was pioneered by a German scientist later to be a Nobel laureate, Fritz ...
  • Liquid Fuels from Water, CO2, and Solar Energy EOI. Madrid - 04/04/2011 Solar thermochemical processes for the production of synthetic hydrocarbon fuels make use of concentrated solar radiation as the energy source of high-temperature process heat. Considered are H2O/CO2-splitting thermochemical cycles via metal oxide redox reactions and gasification processes for the thermal conversion of biomass and other carbonaceous feedstock. R&D work encompasses fundamental studies on thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, heat/mass transfer, and chemical reactor engineering. Solar reactor prototypes -- at the 10 kW power level -- are designed, fabricated, modeled, and tested in a high-flux solar furnace, further optimized for maximum solar-to-fuel energy conversion efficiency, and finally scaled-up for industrial applications -- at the MW power level -- using concentrating solar tower technology. www.eoi.es
  • Class Tour of Polyface Farms - Part 3 Multispeciation and Carbonaceous Diapers Joel Salatin, owner of Polyface Farm gives our class a tour of the farm, explaining his methodology and reasoning along the way. He also explains why the methods used on his farm are more sustainable, safe and productive than methods used by modern agribusiness in today's food production. Polyface Farm's Website:
  • Meteorite NWA 6231 carbonaceous chondrite CK4 Big, full crusted monster :) Interesting surface and inside grey/green matrix with chondrules.
  • Organic chemistry: How to draw resonance structures (26) Organic chemistry: How to use curved ("electron-pushing") arrows to draw resonance structures. These videos are offered on a "pay what you like" basis. You can pay for the use of the videos at my website: www.freelance- I offer tutoring via Skype. For more information, go to my website. For a playlist containing all the videos in this series, click here: (1) Intro (2) Intro: The meaning of resonance (3) Intro: legal vs. illegal structures; the purpose of drawing resonance structures is to identify where the charges are (4) Intro: more significant vs. less significant structures (5) Intro: "more significant", "less significant", "insignificant" (6) Intro: Why is it so important to know where the charges are? (7) Intro: Why is it important to know where the charges are, continued. (8) How to draw resonance structures when you are given a single electron-pushing arrow: lone pair to pi bond (9) Lone pair to pi bond, continued (10) Lone pair to pi bond, continued (11) How to draw resonance structures when you are given a single electron-pushing arrow: pi bond to lone pair (12) Pi bond to lone pair, continued (13) How to draw resonance structures when you are given a single electron-pushing arrow: pi bond to pi bond (14) Pi bond to pi bond, continued (15) Summary and review (16) How to draw resonance structures when you are given two electron-pushing arrows (17) Given two electron-pushing arrows, continued (18) Given two electron-pushing arrows (19 ...
  • 08-29-10 Jewell Smokeless Coke Ovens.wmv Footage of Coke Ovens in the Early Am of Sunday 08-29-2010 near Vansant Virginia, Deep in the heart of Appalachia and about 1.5 hours west of Bluefield West Virginia on Rt. 460. Here is a description of Coke From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Raw cokeCoke is the solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation of low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal. Cokes from coal are grey, hard, and porous. "Coke oven at smokeless fuel plant, South WalesCoke is usually produced from coal; the process is called coking. Volatile constituents of the coal—including water, coal-gas, and coal-tar—are driven off by baking in an airless furnace or oven at temperatures as high as 2000 degrees Celsius. This fuses together the fixed carbon and residual ash. Most modern facilities have "by-product" coking ovens. Today, the volatile hydrocarbons are mainly used, after purification, in a separate combustion process to generate energy. Non by-product coking furnaces or coke furnaces (ovens) burn the hydrocarbon gases produced by the coke-making process to drive the carbonization process. Bituminous coal must meet a set of criteria for use as coking coal, determined by particular coal assay techniques. These include moisture content, ash content, sulfur content, volatile content, tar, and plasticity. The greater the volatile matter in coal, the more by-product can be produced, but too low or too high a level of volatile matter in the coal results in inferior coke produced in respect ...